Lisbon Court of Appeal | Motivation of Arbitral Awards | Annulment | 27-06-2019| Case #95

Lisbon Court of Appeal | Motivation of Arbitral Awards | Annulment | 27-06-2019 | Case nr. 2794/18.8YRLSB.L1-2 | Case #95 LINK DGSI Headline: According to the Portuguese Arbitration Law, an arbitration award which lacks reasoning shall be considered null and void. However, a merely defective statement of reasons is not sufficient to grant the annulment […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Penalty Clauses | Competence of Arbitral Tribunals to award Penalty Clauses | 06-06-2019| Case #94

Lisbon Court of Appeal | Penalty Clauses | Competence of Arbitral Tribunals to award Penalty Clauses | 06-06-2019| Case #94 Case nr. 1460/18.9 YRLSB.L1-6 LINK DGSI Headline: Arbitral tribunals shall have the power to enforce a penalty payment, particularly in compulsory arbitrations.   Summary: I – In an arbitration proceeding where the defendants were obliged […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Right to Appeal | Interlocutory Decisions | 07-05-2019 | Case #091

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 07-05-2019 Case Nr. 2553/18.8YRLSB.L1-2 LINK DGSI Headline: Art. 39(4) of the Portuguese Arbitration Law provides that the right to appeal depends on the parties’ express agreement. However, this regime concerns merely those awards that settle the dispute or a part of it. Therefore, it does not extend to interlocutory arbitral […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Mandatory Arbitration | Validity of the Patent in Dispute as Objection | Competence of the Arbitral Tribunal | 02-05-2019 | Case #091

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 02-05-2019 Case Nr. 1956/18.2YRLSB-6 LINK DGSI Headline: In a mandatory arbitration initiated according to Law Nr. 62/2011, of 12 December 2011, the defendant is prevented from contest the claim by raising an objection grounded in the invalidity of the patent in dispute. Summary: In a mandatory arbitration, the defendant is […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Insurance Contract | Arbitration Agreement | 07-03-2019 | Case #090

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 07-03-2019 Case Nr. 7459/16.2T8LSB-A.L1-2 LINK DGSI Headline: The insured is not bound by the arbitration agreement inserted in an insurance contract entered into between the insurer and the policyholder.   Summary: In the vast majority of cases, the insurance on behalf of another person is a contract to the benefit […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Motivation of the Arbitral Award | 21-03-2019 | Case #089

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 21-03-2019 Case Nr. 1412/18.9YRLSB.L1-2 LINK DGSI Headline: The arbitral award must contain its motivation, consisting of an assessment of the evidence produced, the indication of the facts proven, particularly those admitted by the parties, the reasons justifying the application of the legal rules to the facts, and the conclusion resulting […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | IBA Guidelines | Conflicts of Interest | 22-01-2019 | Case #086

The IBA Guidelines are American rules, unfit for the European rules, and are useful as any document on ethics, but the parties are not obliged to comply with them, much less the arbitrators.

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitrators’ Fees | Due Process | 19-02-2015 | Case #085

Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitrators’ Fees | Due Process | 19-02-2015 | Case #085 Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 19-02-2015 Case Nr. 1422/14.5YRLSB.L1-8 LINK DGSI Headlines: In arbitral proceedings, compliance with the due process principles must always be guaranteed. However, the tribunal may decide immediately on certain submitted requests without necessarily hearing the parties, […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Extension of the Arbitration Agreement to Non-Signatories | Group of Companies Doctrine | Kompentenz-Kompetenz | 11-01-2011 | Case #078

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 11-01-2011 Case Nr. 3539/08.6TVLSB.L1 LINK DGSI Headline: The arbitration agreement concluded with a company belonging to the same group of companies only binds the contracting parties, except if a third party later accedes to that agreement. The arbitral tribunal shall be competent to interpret the arbitration clause in order to […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Agreement to arbitrate by reference | Standard Form Contracts | Kompetenz-Kompetenz | 07-07-2016 | Case #054

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 07-07-2016 Case Nr. 508/14.0TBLNH-A.L1-2 LINK DGSI Headline: It will be considered sufficient for the purpose of incorporation if the contract signed by the parties or the correspondence between them contains a reference to a document containing the arbitration agreement. The “competence-competence” principle applies with one exception arising from the application […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitration’s Costs | Motivation of the arbitral award | 13-02-2014 | Case #041

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 13-02-2014 Case Nr. 1053/13.7YRLSB-2 LINK DGSI   Headline: It is up to the arbitral tribunal to decide on their fees and other costs of the arbitration. It shall not be annulled a final award that does not contain the motivation regarding the factual background that was considered to be proven by […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Multy-Party Arbitration & Swaps |14-06-2018 | Case #071

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 14-06-2018 Case Nr. 81/17.8YELSB-8 LINK DGSI Headlines: A swap master agreement entered separately into with different individuals and the bank allows the joinder of multiple claimants in arbitration. Summary: 1. If a number of swap agreements between different individuals and the same Bank is concluded under a similar contractual framework, […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Modification of Arbitral Awards | 28-01-2016 | Case #070

Lisbon Court of Appeal | Modification of Arbitral Awards | 28-01-2016 Date: 28-01-2016 Case Nr. 660/15.8YRLSB-2 Link DGSI Headlines An arbitral award may be modified if the facts on which it was based have subsequently suffered a material change.   Summary 1. The extent to which the motivation of the arbitral award is required for […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitration in Standard Form Contracts | 24-02-2015 | Case #068

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 24-02-2015 Case Nr. 2186.13.5TVLSB.L1-7 LINK DGSI Headlines: An arbitration agreement included in a standard form contract (such as a swap agreement) produces a negative effect upon the jurisdiction of the state court to hear a dispute brought in relation to it, even if the petitioner has claimed for its invalidity […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitrators’ Fees | 01-07-2014 | Case #064

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 01-07-2014 Case Nr. 200/14.6YRLSB-7 LINK DGSI Headline: Complexity of the case, time consumed, (and other) factors must be considered when fixing the arbitrator’s fees.    Summary: When fixing the arbitrators’ fees, it is necessary to consider that this is a proceeding in which issues of high complexity are discussed, involving […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Compulsory Penalty | Motivation of the arbitral award | 13-02-2014 |Case #040

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 13-02-2014 Case Nr. 724/13.2YRLSB-8 LINK DGSI Headline: In the absence of an express provision providing jurisdiction, arbitral tribunals cannot impose periodic penalty payments.   Arbitral awards that do not explain relevant facts should be annulled by state courts. Summary: The legitimacy of an arbitral tribunal arises from the will of […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Mandatory Arbitration | Validity of the Patent in Dispute as Objection | 21-06-2018 | Case #067

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 21-06-2018 Case Nr. 2384/17.2YRLSB.L1-8 LINK DGSI Headline: In a mandatory arbitration initiated according to Law Nr. 62/2011, of 12 December 2011, the defendant is admitted to contest the claim by raising an objection grounded in the invalidity of the patent in dispute.   Summary: In a mandatory arbitration initiated according […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitrators’ Fees | 10-09-2013 | Case #038

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 10-09-2013 Case Nr. 297/13.6YRLSB-7 LINK DGSI   Headline: Arbitrators may consider circumstances such as the complexity of the issues decided, the value of the case and the time spent on arbitral proceedings to determine and fix costs on the parties.   Summary: Under Article 17(2) of the Voluntary Arbitration Act […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitrators’ Fees | 06-02-2014 |Case #039

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 06-02-2014 Case Nr. 866/13.4YRLSB-2 LINK DGSI   Headline: Parties may challenge the amount of fees and expenses fixed by arbitrators in the state court. However, this right is lost if the parties have shown explicit signs of accepting the fees set by arbitrators in the terms of reference.   Summary: […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Appeal and Waiver of the Right to Appeal | Annulment of Arbitral Award | 04-06-2013 | Case #045

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 04-06-2013 Case Nr. 2548/10.0TVLSB.L1-7 LINK DGSI Headline: Courts may annul the award if basic procedural principles are violated, i.e. internal contradiction within the award, failure to treat the parties equally or lack of reasoning behind the decision.  Summary: I – In view of the legal inadmissibility, due to the waiver […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitrators’ Fees | 12-02-2015 | Case #066

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 12-02-2015 Case Nr. 1551/14.5YRLSB-8 LINK DGSI Headline: The amount due to the arbitrators shall be calculated in accordance with proportionality, fairness and justice criteria, taking also into account the complexity and number of acts that have been carried out.   Summary: In fixing the arbitrators’ fees it will be necessary to […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitrators’ Fees | 15-01-2015 | Case #065

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 15-01-2015 Case Nr. 1362/14.8YRLSB.L1-8 LINK DGSI Headline: The amount of the arbitrators’ fees shall be calculated in proportion to the complexity of the award and the time spent during the proceedings.   Summary: The fact that the arbitral proceedings were not contested and the subsequent reduction in both the complexity […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitrators’ Fees | 29-04-2014 | Case #063

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 29-04-2014 Case Nr. 1337/13.4YRLSB-7 LINK DGSI Headline: The arbitrators’ fees shall be calculated in accordance with the complexity of the case and the stage where the proceedings are terminated.   Summary: In the context of an arbitral proceeding not contested by the defendant, the proceedings shall proceed, after the case […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Concurrent jurisdiction of arbitral tribunals and state courts | 30-06-2015 | Case #060

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 30-06-2015 Case Nr. 1934/12.5 TBCSC-A.L1-1 LINK DGSI Headline: State courts must decide any procedural objection “ex officio”, except if the objection related to the existence of an arbitration agreement, in which situation only one of the parties can raise that objection.   Summary: The jurisdiction of an arbitral tribunal, accorded […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Application of the new Arbitration Act ratione temporis | 14-04-2016 | Case #050

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 14-04-2016 Case Nr. 2455/13.4YYLSB-A.L1-2 LINK DGSI   Headline: If the LAV of 1986 is in force at the time that the parties submitted the request for arbitration, this will be the law applicable to arbitration proceedings, even if the LAV of 2011 is in force at the time that the […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitrators’ Fees | 04-12-2014 | Case #048

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 04-12-2014 Case Nr. 1181/14.1YRLSB.L1-6 LINK DGSI Headline: Arbitral tribunals are prevented from fixing fees manifestly disproportionate to the service they provide. Summary: Notwithstanding the economic value of the interests in dispute, the total amount of € 18,000 fixed as fees of the members of the arbitral tribunal is disproportionate in […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Amendments to the Memorials | Amendment of the Relief Sought | Ultra Petita| 27-11-2014 | Case #047

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 27-11-2014 Case Nr. 703/14.2YRLSB.L1-2 LINK DGSI Headline: An arbitral tribunal has not exceeded its power when it declares relief pursuant to an amendment to the memorials in the arbitration, as long as there has not been unjustified delay, and both parties have received the opportunity to make submissions on the […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Application of the New Arbitration Act Ratione Temporis | 11-06-2013 | Case #046

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 11-06-2013 Case Nr. 955/12.2YRLSB-7 LINK DGSI   Headline: The 2011 LAV cannot apply to arbitration proceedings initiated before its entry into force, unless all the parties to the arbitration expressly or tacitly agree to its application.   Summary: 1. Article 4 (2) of Law No 63/2011, which approves the 2011 […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | “ex aequo et bono” | Motivation of Arbitral Awards | Procedural guarantees | 15-03-2016 | Case #049

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 15-03-2016 Case Nr. 871/15.6YRLSB-7 LINK DGSI Headline: An arbitral award may only be set aside if extremely exceptional circumstances occur, such as the violation of fundamental principles of due process that may have had an influence in the outcome of the case. An arbitral award is sufficiently motivated if it […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Impartiality and Independence of Arbitrators | Challenge of Arbitrator | 01-02-2018 | Case #023

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 01-02-2018 Case Nr. 1320/17.0YRLSB-8 LINK DGSI Headline: The Arbitrator’s prior opinion on a given issue does not in itself imply a lack of independence or impartiality. Summary: The fact that the arbitrator has an opinion about certain issues does not in itself imply lack of impartiality or impartiality. In certain […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Impartiality and Independence of Arbitrators | Challenge of Arbitrator | 03-10-2017 | Case #022

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 03-10-2017 Case Nr. 1177/17.1YRLSB-7 LINK DGSI Headline: In cases where omission to disclose is of substance that is fundamental in nature, this in itself would point towards a lack of independence or impartiality. Where the challenge is based on the fact that certain relevant evidence was not considered by the […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Impartiality and Independence of Arbitrators | IBA Guidelines | Challenge of Arbitrator | 13-09-2016 | Case #021

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 13-09-2016 Case Nr. 581/16.7YRLSB.-1 LINK DGSI Headline: A challenge to an arbitrator’s independence and impartiality is to be determined through an objective criterion, and not through the eyes of either party. A nomination for numerous arbitrations does not, by itself, constitute grounds for challenge of the arbitrator, especially in a […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Enforcement of Arbitral Awards | Grounds for Resisting Enforcement | 12-07-2012 | Case #0035

Lisboa Court of Appeal Date: 12-07-2012 Case Nr. 2191/11.6YYLSB-A.L1-7 LINK DGSI Headlines: An arbitral award equates to a court judgment for the purposes of an enforcement procedure. The award debtor may not invoke there any ground that he could have invoked during a setting aside procedure.   Summary: The arbitral award is an enforceable document, […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | New York Convention 1958 | Liquidated Damages Clause | International Public Policy | 12-07-2012 | Case #0030

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 12-07-2012 Case Nr. 7328/10.0TBOER.L1-1 LINK DGSI Related CASE: Supreme Court of Justice | 14-03-2013 | Case #031 Headline: Evidences of the circumstances set forth in Art. V(1) of the NYC shall be introduced within 10 days after the respondent has been summoned. Liquidated damages clauses are not contrary to the […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | New York Convention 1958 | Staying of the Recognition Procedure and Posting Adequate Security| 30-06-2011 | Case #0029

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 30-06-2011 Case Nr. 2004/08.6TVLSB-A-7 LINK DGSI Headline: Art. VI of New York Convention provides for the staying of the recognition procedure when the annulment of the award is pending in the contracting State in which the award was made. It also provides that, in such event, the party seeking the […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | New York Convention 1958 | Recognition before Enforcement | 08-06-2010 | Case #0027

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 08-06-2010 Case Nr. 243/10.9YRLSB-7 LINK DGSI Headline: An arbitral award rendered in a country party to the New York Convention needs to be recognised in Portugal before it is enforced. Summary: A foreign arbitral award is not automatically enforceable within the Portuguese jurisdiction without being subjected to a prior revision […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Impartiality and Independence of Arbitrators | Challenge of Arbitrator | 29-09-2015 | Case #0020

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 29-09-2015 Case Nr. 827/15.9YRLSB-1 LINK DGSI Headline: Non-disclosure of relevant circumstances may lead to justifiable doubts against an arbitrators independence and impartiality.   Summary: The arbitrator did not disclose at the time of his nomination or appointment: his previous participation in identical or similar arbitrations, as well as the opinion […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Impartiality and Independence of Arbitrators | Challenge of Arbitrator | 24-03-2015 | Case #019

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 24-03-2015 Case Nr. 1361/14.0YRLSB.L1-1 LINK DGSI Headline: Arbitrator can be disqualified for being repeatedly appointed by same party/law firm if the circumstances in question give rise to justifiable doubts. Provisions under IBA Guidelines on the Conflict of Interest in International Arbitration 2004, Orange List (3.1.3, 3.1.5 and 3.3.7) were referred […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitrators’ Fees | 14-07-2016 | Case #0015

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 14-07-2016 Case Nr. 660/16.0YRLSB-2 LINK DGSI Headline: In the absence of a prior agreement of the parties, arbitrators can decide on their own fees.  Summary: 1. As per Art. 17 (2) of the Voluntary Arbitration Act (VAL), in the absence of an agreement between the parties, the arbitrators can decide […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Arbitration Clause in Framework Agreement | Negative Kompetenz-Kompetenz | 05-11-2015 | Case #014

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 05-11-2015 Case Nr. 2672-14.0T8LSB.L1-6 LINK DGSI Headlines: An arbitration clause in a framework agreement is applicable to contracts concluded under it. The failure to raise objections to the court’s jurisdiction on a dispute arising from one contract does not deprive a party of its right to raise such a defence […]

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Supreme Court of Justice (Portugal) | Ultra Petita| IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence | 12-07-2018 | Case #0013

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 12-07-2018 Case Nr. 1254/17.9YRLSB-L1-2 LINK DGSI Headline: An award can be successfully challenged under Art. 46/3 (Arbitration Act) when parties have been treated unequally & that inequality had a decisive effect on the decision. Summary: Similar to other jurisdictions, the production of evidence is not governed by the LAV, but […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | International Public Policy of Portugal | Excessive Liquidated Damages | Abuse of Rights | 02-06-2016 | Case #0011

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 02-06-2016 Case Nr. 103/13.1YRLSB-2 LINK DGSI Headline: A foreign award that imposes a disproportionate and excessive penalty on a party is manifestly inconsistent with the international public order of Portugal, and is therefore unenforceable by a  Portuguese court. Summary: Prior to enforcement of the award, the court must satisfy itself […]

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Lisbon Court of Appeal | Kompetenz-Kompetenz | Financial Distress of one of the Parties does not render the Arbitration Clause Inoperative | 22-09-2015 | Case #007

Lisbon Court of Appeal Date: 22-09-2015 Case Nr. 1212/14.5T8LSB.L1-7 LINK DGSI  Related CASE: Decision of the Supreme Court of Justice of 26-04-2016 HERE Headlines: The arbitral tribunal is competent to decide the validity of the arbitration agreement, unless such invalidity is blatant. The circumstance that the petitioner is under a restructure procedure does necessary mean […]

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